The opponents of Russian experts on the issue were Carsten Kowalczyk, Associate Professor of International Economics at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and Sieglinde Gstöhl, Director of Studies of the EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies Department, College of Europe. Professor Kowalczyk expressed doubts that the pandemic will have a long-term and fundamental effect on globalization in terms of trade in goods, services and technology. On the contrary, limiting close communication within the local environment can enhance interaction with "distant" international partners through technological innovation. Sieglinde Gstöhl supported the idea that the impact of COVID-19 will not be fundamentally destructive in the long term. Even if the era of accelerated globalization is over, does this mean that a new era of globalization and the growth of e-commerce is beginning?
In the Q&A section, experts discussed the role of innovation in global trade chains, the prospects for multilateralism, and changing attitudes towards globalization as a common good in the context of a pandemic. Both teams were equally convincing: at the end of the discussion, the votes were distributed as follows