1. Intervention via the Council of Europe
At the end of April, Austria's deputies in the Council of Europe voted in favour of Resolution 2436
, which, among other things, calls for the creation of an international ad hoc tribunal to investigate war crimes in Ukraine. With this resolution, the Council of Europe is trying to close a "gap" in international prosecution: The International Criminal Court only has jurisdiction over crimes of aggression committed by states in conflicts if, according to Article 15, both the attacking and the attacked state are members of its statute - which is neither the case with Ukraine nor with the Russian Federation. 2. Intervention via the National Council
Concerning the conflict in Ukraine, Austria has no longer been politically neutral and has supported the EU's economic sanctions
since 2014. This circumstance also determines the political climate in the country. In mid-June, the Austrian National Council unanimously adopted a resolution of the two governing parties to support Ukraine in the prosecution of alleged war crimes. In this context, reference is made to reports by the OSCE, according to which the OSCE claims to have found clear patterns of violations of international humanitarian law by Russian armed forces in the conduct of war in Ukraine.
Once again, the Austrian Foreign Minister's speech contained an unmistakable reference to the partisan political intention behind this motion for a resolution: He said that the speech of the Ukrainian Speaker of Parliament Ruslan Stefantschuk before the Austrian MPs  had been an overdue signal that Ukraine's voice had to be heard. According to the foreign minister Russia's attack on Ukraine represented a clear breach of civilisation and also had global repercussions, as it endangered the basic supplies of many countries in Africa and Asia. Thus, an essential part of Austria's commitment to human rights was to assist in the investigation of war crimes. Schallenberg stressed
that the International Criminal Court - in its investigations in Ukraine - was facing a mammoth task, which could not be accomplished without the support of nation states.
To support this "mammoth task", Austria established a coordination office at the Ministry of Justice and most recently signed a Memorandum of Cooperation to facilitate mutual legal assistance between Austrian and Ukrainian law enforcement agencies. In addition, Austria supports investigations of crimes committed by individuals under international criminal law at the International Criminal Court both in terms of personnel and with a monetary amount of 100,000 euros, which the Foreign Ministry has transferred to the prosecuting authority.  The Ukrainian Speaker of Parliament had been received as a speaker in the plenary session of the Austrian National Council on the day of the above-mentioned resolution.