The present context is perhaps even more fruitful. Questions of culture are alive in Britain as they have never been before. Race, gender, and sexuality form daily topics on the front pages of media outlets. Some feel alienated from the developing discourse on these domains. There are traditional Christians who feel abandoned by their national church. They claim it has become secularised by taking liberal positions on social justice. There are also younger people (typically young men) who use social media to make their first steps in the Christian religion in what has become known among some as the online 'Orthosphere'. They find in Orthodoxy an identity that gives them meaning, support for traditional ideas of masculinity, a sense of rootedness. In a contemporary world where the Russian authorities defend traditional values, can Orthodoxy develop a new mission? Should the Russian Orthodox Church seek to attract these disaffected believers to build an international communion?
Moscow has made some efforts to use Orthodoxy to forge cultural and religious links as part of its broader campaign to position itself as a defender of Christianity. However, the best example is not in Britain, but the new Cathedral of the Holy Trinity
in central Paris, which fills a plot of land near the Eiffel Tower. Paid for by the Russian state, it comprises a Church and a cultural center. However, while they built an impressive modernist Church, can this project be said to have spread the image of modern Russia as a new defensive bastion? In Britain, they are yet to attempt a project of such scale and I would say such a project would likely find limited success for institutional, cultural, and political reasons.