Technostructure struggles for scarce resources
However, it is the high-performance computers that are really hungry for energy. These have left the research labs behind and are now supporting businesses worldwide. Forecasts estimate
the market growth potential from $36.0 bn in 2022 to $49.9 bn in 2027, with an average annual growth rate of 6.7 %. Power comes at a price: a typical supercomputer consumes on average between 1 and 10 megawatts for power and cooling, equivalent to the electricity needs of nearly 10,000 households. Currently the most powerful supercomputer, Japan's Fugaku, consumes
app. 30 megawatts per day, as much electricity as 175,000 conventional desktop computers, and requires enormous amounts of water for cooling.
According to the statistics of the International Energy Agency, the world's largest consumer of electricity is industry (41.9%). The picture is similar for gas
(IEA World Energy Balances 2021 (data of 2019)). In a scenario for 2014 - based on current consumption data - total global energy consumption is assumed to be 515,848 petajoules. Almost 60% of this is accounted for by industry and transport. The World Development Agency (UNIDO)
estimates that industry is responsible for more than one-third of global primary energy consumption and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions and will require 1.8% to 3.1% more energy annually over the next 25 years.